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Certificates and homologations

European homologation E20

Lighting system like so many other parts of motor vehicles approved for service requires a certificate of approval (homologation) determining the compliance with the regulations specifying the construction and operation safety. The regulations standardizing the technical requirements contain the Regulations of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe. They form the attachments to the so-called Geneva Agreement of 1958, which sets out the principles of mutual recognition of vehicles, accessories and parts tested in accordance with standardized procedures, the so-called homologation regulations. Since then, the UNECE regulation has undergone many revisions, additions and changes. But the essence of international approval system, which functions in accordance with the Geneva Agreement of 1958, is to provide the technical requirements, standardized and agreed between the signatories to the agreement, and their mutual recognition. In all countries which have adopted the ratification of the agreement, the government body responsible for granting approvals (homologation) has as the part of its duties, the obligation to notify all other members of any homologation issued by it.

What distinguishes us Photometric laboratory Selection and quality of materials Certificates and homologations Production in harmony with nature Frequently Asked Questions Certificates and homologations European homologation E20 Lighting system like so many other parts of motor vehicles approved for service requires a certificate of approval (homologation) determining the compliance with the regulations specifying the construction and operation safety. The regulations standardizing the technical requirements contain the Regulations of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe. They form the attachments to the so-called Geneva Agreement of 1958, which sets out the principles of mutual recognition of vehicles, accessories and parts tested in accordance with standardized procedures, the so-called homologation regulations. Since then, the UNECE regulation has undergone many revisions, additions and changes. But the essence of international approval system, which functions in accordance with the Geneva Agreement of 1958, is to provide the technical requirements, standardized and agreed between the signatories to the agreement, and their mutual recognition. In all countries which have adopted the ratification of the agreement, the government body responsible for granting approvals (homologation) has as the part of its duties, the obligation to notify all other members of any homologation issued by it. In Poland, the Motor Transport Institute (MTI) is the body which carries out the homologation tests of vehicle lighting and signaling devices made of reflective materials. In the ITS, the Lighting and Electrical Equipment Plant is the division, which carries out the homologation tests of vehicle lighting and signaling devices made of reflective materials according to the UNECE Regulations:

  • low and high beam headlights according to Reg. No. 1, 5, 8, 20, 31, 56, 57, 72, 82, 98, 112, 113
  • fog lamps according to Reg. No. 19
  • daytime driving lights according to Reg. No. 87
  • signal position lights and brake lights according to Reg. No. 7, 50
  • driving direction signal lamp according to Reg. No. 6, 50
  • signal clearance lamps according to Reg. No 91
  • reversing lamps according to Reg No 23
  • rear fog lamps according to Reg. No 38
  • parking lamps according to Reg. No. 77
  • cornering lamps according to Reg. No. 119
  • rear registration plate lamps according to Reg. No. 4
  • special warning lamps by Reg. No. 65
  • car bulbs according to Reg. No. 37, 99
  • motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers according to Reg. No. 48
  • mirrors according to Reg. No. 46
  • reflective devices according to Reg. No. 3, 104
  • warning triangles according to Reg. No. 27
  • boards distinguishing heavy and long vehicles according to Reg. No. 70
  • boards distinguishing slow-moving vehicles, according to Reg. No. 69

In addition, the ratification of the UNECE regulations implied the necessity to align the domesitc regulations to the homologation requirements and authorization to trade in one's area the products having the homologations issued by other countries.

Thereby, the marking E20 (the sign of homologation made in Poland) means that the product is also approved for use in motor vehicles in all countries which adopted the agreement with UNECE. At present, these countries do not include only the countries of the European Union because there are, among others Japan, Australia and South Africa, however China has not yet accepted the agreement. Some signs are as follows: E1-Germany, E2-France, E3-Italy, E4-Netherlands, E5-Sweden, E6-Belgium, E7 - Hungary, E8-Czech Republic, E9-Spain, E10-Yugoslavia, E11-England, E12-Austria , E20-Poland, E21-Portugal.

ISO 9001 Certificate

ISO 9001 is an international standard that specifies requirements that should meet the quality management system in an organization which may eg. be a production plant. This standard has been operating since 1987, although its prototype was created already 8 years earlier and was published by the British Standards Institution as BS5750. Today, the ISO 9001 standard is accepted and recognized worldwide.

The main requirements of ISO 9001 include, inter alia, the introduction of supervision over documentation and records, management commitment to building a quality management system, systematization of human resorces management, the establishment of the product realization processes, carrying out systematic measurements of customer satisfaction, product quality and manufacturing processes.

All these requirements are described in detail in this standard and include eight principles of quality:

  1. customer orientation (position of the organization on the market is dependent on its customers);
  2. leadership (management of the organization develops its prospects);
  3. involvement of people (most valuable asset are the people in the organization);
  4. process approach (effectiveness and efficiency of organizations depends largely on the quality of the processes realized in it);
  5. system approach to management (quality management is regarded as the management of mutually related processes);
  6. continuous improvement (permanent objective of the organization is the continuous improvement of its processes);
  7. factual approach to decision-making (making decisions based on the analytical, logical or intuitive analysis of all available data and information);
  8. mutual benefit in relations with suppliers (creating mutually beneficial relationships with suppliers of materials and services gives organizations a guarantee of high quality).

The certificate of conformity with ISO 9001 is issued by independent certification bodies with the appropriate accreditation - in Poland, they are issued by the Polish Centre for Accreditation.

ISO 14001 certificate

ISO 14001 is an international standard that specifies requirements for environmental management system, sometimes called environmental management. Just as in case of ISO 9001 standard, this one had its prototype published by the British Standards Institution as BS7750 in 1992. Only since 1996, it functions as an international standard ISO 14001 and is distributed worldwide.

The main task of this standard is to support the process of environmental protection and pollution prevention in a manner taking into account the socio-economic needs so as to obtain the improved environmental performance in a process of continuous improvement.

ISO 14001, as well as other standards that define requirements for management systems, has been built taking into account the so-called Deming cycle (PDCA). It entails four steps of action: plan - do - check - act. Therefore, implementing the various stages of the standard one must achieve the following actions:

  • establishing the objectives and processes necessary to obtain results compatible with the company's environmental policy within the PLAN (P) stage,
  • implementing these processes within the DO (D) stage,
  • monitoring and measuring processes in relation to policy, objectives and environmental tasks, legal requirements and other and present their results in the CHECK (C) stage,
  • taking action on the continuous improvement of environmental management system - ACT (A).

The most current standard was issued in 2004 and its Polish version in 2005.

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